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الخميس , فبراير 21 2019
الرئيسية / الموسوعة / مبادرات الوعي / توجيه العقول.. تجارب مذهلة تكشف كيف تُساق النفس البشرية

توجيه العقول.. تجارب مذهلة تكشف كيف تُساق النفس البشرية

الدكتور كريم درويش حاملا كتابيه في معرض الدوحة الدولي للكتاب – مواقع التواصل

 

كيف يؤثر الإعلام على العقول؟ ولماذا ينكر بعض الناس البراهين القاطعة؟ ومتى وكيف تتغير آراء الناس؟ لماذا يتمرد الأبناء بعدما كانوا طيعين؟ ولماذا لم يعد يجدي الثواب والعقاب في تغيير سلوكهم وقناعاتهم؟ كيف نتعامل مع الكبار والصغار عندما يخفقون؟ متى تستمر الزيجات ومتى تفشل؟ من نحن وكيف نرى أنفسنا؟ كيف نخرج من دوائر الفشل؟ ومتى يمكن أن نكون سعداء؟

أسئلة كهذه يثيرها الباحث في الإنسانيات الحاسوبية الدكتور كريم درويش في سلسلة حلقات ينشرها دوريا عبر صفحته بموقع تويتر، يقدم من خلالها مبادرة تستعرض تجارب مذهلة تكشف كيف تُساق النفس البشرية، مسلطا الضوء فيها بشكل أكثر تركيزا على ما يتعلق بعمل الإعلام في المشاهدين، وما يمكن أن نستخلصه من تلك التجارب في فهم الرسائل الإعلامية الخفية.

أمر أكثر أهمية توليه المبادرة يتعلق بتربية الأطفال، معرجا على التغيرات النفسية التي وُلد بها هذا الجيل الذي نشأ في عصر الرقمية الطاغية، وأثر السلوكيات الأبوية في تشكيل وعي الأطفال، وأنسب وسائل العقاب التي تجاوزت التأديب التقليدي بالضرب والتعنيف إلى أشكال أكثر تربوية ورجائية.

تعريف بالباحث

الدكتور كريم درويش باحث في مجالي اللسانيات الحاسوبية، والإنسانيات الحاسوبية، وتخصصه العلمي يجمع بين علوم الحاسب واللغة وعلمي الاجتماع والنفس، وقد نشر عشرات الأبحاث العلمية في مؤتمرات الدولية ومجلات علمية محكّمة، وشارك في كتابة العديد من الكتب العلمية المتخصصة. شملت بحوثه المنشورة مواضيع مثل: تدخل الجيش في السياسة، والعداوة ضد المسلمين في الغرب، وتأثير الربيع العربي على الجماعات المتطرفة، ودور الدعاية الموجهة على وسائل التواصل الاجتماعي.

عمل الدكتور كريم درويش في جامعة ميريلاند في الولايات المتحدة وفي جامعة القاهرة والجامعة الألمانية في القاهرة، وعمل باحثًا في شركتي ميكروسوفت وآي بي إم، ويشغل حاليا منصب كبير الباحثين في معهد قطر لبحوث الحوسبة التابع لمؤسسة قطر.

مبادرة توجيه العقول

تعتمد المبادرة على استعراض العشرات من التجارب والنظريات العلمية، وتوضيحها من خلال قصص حقيقية ومواقف حياتية، مع ربطها بالمفاهيم الشرعية كما تجليها الآيات القرآنية والأحاديث النبوية، بأسلوب شائق وممتع.

المبادرة انطلقت في الثالث من أبريل 2018، حين نشر الباحث أول مقاطعه بعنوان: التنافر وسر التأييد دون مقابل، ويحكي عن تجربة الباحثين فستنجر وكلارك سميث في ١٩٥٩ عن التنافر أو الشرخ في الوعي.. لتبدأ معها رحلة المبادرة في التوسع حاصدة آلاف التفاعلات على منصات يوتيوب وتويتر وفيسبوك.

من الجدير بالذكر أن المبادرة في الأساس جاءت كخطوة تعقيبية لشرح كتاب أصدره الباحث في مارس 2018 بعنوان “توجيه العقول”، وهو نسخة منقحة من كتابه الأسبق: “كلام في النفس”، والذي يدور حول أهداف المبادرة نفسها في إيضاح كيف تساق النفوس البشرية وتخضع للتأثير.

هكذا يؤثر عليك الإعلام
واحدة من أبرز حلقات المبادرة إثارة وقوة كانت حلقة “كيف تجعل شخص يُكَذِّب عينه!”، والتي تتناول أحد أشهر وأغرب تجارب علم النفس لقياس تأثير الناس على بعضهم البعض.

تناقش الحلقة مدى تأثير المجتمع على الشخص، من خلال أحد أشهر التجارب في علم النفس للعالم سولومون آش. هذه التجربة المذهلة أجريت في 1951 لقياس تأثير الأغراب على أشخاص يتعاملون معهم لأول مرة.

 

وبحسب التجربة، التي عرض الباحث مقاطع مصورة منها، فإن عددا كبيرا من المختارين للتجربة قد تأثروا كليا بمن حولهم من الأغراب، لمجرد أن جميعهم تمسكوا بإجابة واحدة على سؤال رغم كونها خاطئة بما لا يدع مجالا للتفكير أو الشك.

يخلص الباحث من عرض تلك التجربة إلى أن الإعلام يعتمد على تقنية التكرار والتواتر لكي يجعلك تردد بين نفسك: “وهل سيكون الجميع خاطئا وأنا وحدي أحمل الصواب؟”، يقول الدكتور كريم درويش إن عليك أن تؤمن باختيارك مهما بدا مغايرا لمن حولك، وأن تجيب على نفسك إذا ما روادك هكذا سؤال: “نعم.. قد أحمل الصواب وحدي”.

لمشاهدة جميع حلقات المباردة على يوتيوب: هنا
لمتابعة المبادرة على تويتر: هنا

لمتابعة المبادرة على فيسبوك: هنا

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